Make your own moss world: Kokedama Tutorial

Antoine de Saint Exupéry's Little Prince came from a planet scarcely any larger than a house. He shared his little planet with good plants, bad plants, a couple of vulcanos and one beautiful rose.
The image of this small asteroid covered in green with one magnificent flower sticking out of it, has always made me smile: wouldn't it be magical to live on such a planet?
One day, while on an urban exploration of Amsterdam, there it was, my first string garden: a little ball of soil, covered in moss, with one, tiny plant growing on top. I wrote about the moss ball, or Kokedama as it is called in Japan, in a previous post but I have waited the whole winter before venturing on making one. In the end I even turned this event into something special by inviting friends and teaching them too how to add a bit of magic to the world: because that is truly what they do. That's why I want to teach this to you too.
What you will need

1. a tiny plant; moss can't stand direct sunlight so choose a shadow loving plant. I have used baby ferns, grass and another lovely plant with violet flowers of which I can't recall the name.
2. a 7:3 ratio of peat soil and akedama or bonsai soil.
3. dry moss (you can buy a whole bag at most plant shops).
4. scissors.
5. cotton thread.
6. nice packing string like twine, hemp or sissal. Mine is from the wonderful London household shop Labour and Wait.
7. gloves. Yes, it WILL get messy.
8. a jar of water.
9. moss, which you can either buy in a large box or pick yourself in the woods.


1. Remove as much soil as possible from your tiny plant so that its roots get exposed. Be very thorough but gentle!

2. Mix your peat and akedama soil together. You know the consistency is right when you are able to make a small ball from the earth without it breaking apart.

3. Now that your soil is mixed, start shaping it into a small ball the size of an orange. Use a little bit of water if needed. Think 'clay' or 'pizza dough'.

4. Et voilá!
5. Make sure each ball has enough room to accomodate the roots of your plant.

6. Take a bunch of dry moss and wrap it carefully around the roots, making a circular and compact shape. Then tie the cotton string several times around it. This will eventually dissolve.

8. Make a small hole in your soil ball and gently press the plant inside it. Be careful to 'close' the shape back to a sphere.

9. Now it's time for the fun part: take small sheets of moss and press them firmly into the soil. Don't leave any open spaces. Wrap the twine string around the ball as if you are packing a present and leave the long sides as long as needed.

10. Choose a nice, shady place, install a hook and hang your wonderful planet of moss.


PS Two other very important ingredients which I have forgotten to put on my list are a vacuum cleaner to clean your clothes after all the work is done and straws to drink your coffee with dirty hands...


  1. Wow, they do look beautiful! Thanks for posting your tutorial, perhaps in the Spring I might just try one of these myself! I've got this linked to my DIY moss in home décor post too today!

  2. Achei linda essa técnica, e gostaria muito de fazer, mas já procurei esse material para comprar em jardinagem e não encontrei. Quais são os lugares que realmente vendem a TURFA e a Akedama? Obrigada desde já.

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  4. Aquarzon specialises in rare live aquarium plants and aquatic mosses for fish and shrimp tank aquascaping. Plants and moss can be posted via Australia Post Panda Pinto Shrimps


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